If the business is acquired ”as a current business,” VAT can be ignored as long as both parties are registered. There will be a clause that fits into the agreement with VAT. A buyer will normally prefer to buy a company`s assets, while the seller prefers to sell the shares. The reason is that an investment purchase allows a buyer to choose exactly what assets they are buying and to identify precisely which liabilities they want to assume. In general, the question of whether a buyer is responsible for claims of discrimination depends on whether the buyer is a successor to the seller. With respect to outstanding debts, the sales contract must indicate whether the buyer or seller is responsible. Administrative matters such as insurance, payslip, PAYE, VAT and pensions In addition, there may be important contracts that are not transferable or certain licenses and consents may be unique to the seller. Sometimes a buyer wants to get as many customer relationships as possible, so he can choose to buy shares as opposed to assets. The transfer of businesses (employment protection) (TUPE) protects the rights of workers in the event of a transfer of assets from a company. The basic principle of TUPE is that when a seller buys the company`s assets as a ”current business,” the employees of that company are automatically transferred to the buyer. On this basis, the buyer and seller must contact the relevant staff at an early stage. It is important to determine exactly what is purchased.
Assets transferred under an asset sale contract may include: shares must be identified and a valuation mechanism must be put in place after closing. This value is generally estimated. At the close, an inventory review is usually conducted, which changes the estimated value in real terms and thus changes the purchase price. Instead of acquiring all the shares of a company, and therefore both its assets and liabilities, a buyer very often prefers to take over only certain assets of a company. As a general rule, the company will sell the assets itself in the event of an asset acquisition, while in the case of a share sale, the individual shareholders will be the sellers. It is helpful for the buyer to have a due diligence checklist to ensure that all relevant questions are asked. Buying a business can be an integral part of the expansion and success of an existing business. However, regardless of whether such an acquisition is in the best interests of the purchaser, consideration should be given to the seller`s work and employment obligations, agreements and commitments.