Hitler was outraged by this backlash, but he quickly rescinded his invasion order. Then, in a wild game that France and Britain would not respect their contractual obligations to Poland, and knowing that he had nothing to fear from the Soviet army, Hitler ordered his troops to strike Poland to the east on September 1, 1939. Two days later, on 3 September, France and Great Britain declared war on Germany. The Second World War had begun. And less than two years later, Hitler broke his pact with Stalin and, on June 22, 1941, sent about 3 million Nazis to the Soviet Union. Putin has nothing to lose when he authorizes the publication of the original copies, said Paul Goble, a long-time Eurasia expert. ”First, Putin is now showing the pact to show that he really doesn`t care what the West thinks, something that is given to its base and with which he can get away with it because Western leaders, with their own problems, are not ready to face what he is doing,” Goble said. ”And secondly, the russian commentators and the following Russian teachers are increasingly returning to the Soviet description of the pact: it is the West`s fault.” For Behrends, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact symbolizes Putin`s desire to return to spheres of influence. ”Before 1914, Eastern Europe was ruled by empires. Sovereign nation-states emerged after the First World War. The 1939 National Socialist Soviet Pact marked the return of imperial rule. Eastern Europe fell either under Nazi occupation or under Soviet occupation,” Behrends said.
But for most Russians, the existence of the pact, let alone its importance, will probably remain on the collective radar. Uvarova, the teacher, said that with the school year starting on September 1, there would be no class events for the 80th anniversary of the pact on August 23. ”But it wouldn`t be marked anyway, to be honest,” she said. ”September 1st would be the beginning of the Second World War” if courses on this topic were held on the first day of school. ”But the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact would not do that,” she said. ”We didn`t draw attention to that.” In the 19th century, neutrality pacts were used to authorize a signatory to the pact to attack a unit or to attempt to negatively influence the entity not protected by the neutrality pact. Participants in the neutrality pact agree not to attempt to thwart an act of aggression by a pacsataire against an entity that is not protected under the terms of the Covenant. The desire to control or expand economic resources, places of military importance, etc., could be at the root of these actions on the part of one or more States that are signatories to the Pacts.  The government of the German Empire and the government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which want to strengthen the cause of peace between Germany and the United States and are based on the fundamental provisions of the neutrality agreement concluded in April 1926 between Germany and the United States. S.R. reached the following agreement: other Russian officials also defended the Soviet alliance with the Nazis.